What are the components in a Control Panel?
At Custom Control Technologies we build Custom Control Panels so each one has many different components to suit the needs of the customer. Below are a few of some common components we use in our Control Panels.
First we start with an Enclosure it can be made from Fiberglass, Stainless Steel, Galvanized Steel and Aluminum (usually used for back panels or inner doors).The enclosures come in all sizes depending on what the customer needs.
Some of the common components that are used in our Control Panels are below:
Power Distribution Block-This efficient aluminum block splices cables or splits primary power into a wide range of secondary circuits and provides a fixed tap-off point.
Lightning Arrestor- Secondary surge arrestor used for protecting components against power surges from lightening and other erratic variations in the power supply.
Phase Monitor- AC- and DC-powered Phase Monitors are used to protect three-phase loads from damage due to phase reversals or phase absence.
Circuit Breaker-A circuit breaker is an automatically operated electrical switch designed to protect an electrical circuit from damage caused by excess current from an overload or short circuit. Its basic function is to interrupt current flow after a fault is detected.
Motor Starter- Starter is a device that controls the use of electrical power to equipment, usually a motor. As the name implies, starters "start" motors. They can also stop them, reverse them, and protect them. Starters are made from two building blocks, Contactors and Overload Protection.
Overload Heater-The Overload relays protect a motor by sensing the current going to the motor. Many of these use small heaters, often bi-metallic elements that bend when warmed by current to the motor.
Primary Fuse- Electrical safety device that operates to ... provide adequate protection without needless interruption. Wiring regulations usually define a maximum fuse current rating for particular circuits.
Control Transformer-A control transformer is an isolation transformer that provides good voltage regulation.
Alternating Relay- Are used in special applications where the optimization of load usage is required by equalizing the run time of multiple loads.
Control Relay-A control relay is, a switch that is controlled by electrical current. Control relays are electronic parts that are used in motors, power plants, power supply systems, transistors. Control relays permit a low current circuit to control a high current circuit.
Selector Switch-Ammeter selector switch is basically a normal three position switch. In large Electrical distribution panels, an ammeter is used to monitor the current through each line. In order to avoid that, an ammeter selector switch is used to select the line in which the current is to be monitored.
Pilot Light- indicator light showing where a switch or circuit breaker is located or whether a motor is in operation or power is on.
Push-button-A push-button (also spelled pushbutton) or simply button is a simple switch mechanism for controlling some aspect of a machine or a process. Buttons are typically made out of hard material, usually plastic or metal.
Elapsed Time Meter- documents the running time of powered equipment. ETI feedback allows operators to make adjustments for optimal use of time and resources.
Flasher- an automatic device causing a light to flash on and off rapidly.
Alarm Light- Is a variety of colors that indicate if the Control Panel for the pumps is running correctly. If an Alarm Light is flashing it could mean a Pump is not functioning properly.
Alarm Horn- Warns people if there is a pump failure or control panel failure.
Wiring-Is the network of wires used in an electrical system, device, or circuit
These are just a few of the components we put into a Control Panel for our customers. Each design of the Control Panel is different and custom made to fit the customer needs.
Overload Relay-An overload relay is an electrical device used to protect an electric motor from overheating.
Float Switch-A float switch is a type of level sensor, a device used to detect the level of liquid within a tank.
Overload Reset Button- Used for manually resetting or overriding a thermal cutout.
Toggle Switch-an electric switch operated by means of a projecting lever that is moved up and down.
Intrinsically Safe Module Relay- Used to provide safe reliable means of controlling loads (float switches) from hazardous locations vial low voltage amperage signals.
Surge Capacitors- Helps prevent surge damage to electrical and electronic equipment. Surge capacitors control surges which are to light or fast for a lightening arrestor, surge arrestor, or surge suppressor to function.
Transfer Switch- The most common is an Automatic Transfer Switch it transfers a power supply from its primary source to a backup source when it senses a failure or outage in the primary source. There is a manual “Rotary Type” that an operator effects the transfer by throwing a switch.
Battery-a container consisting of one or more cells, in which chemical energy is converted into electricity and used as a source of power.